A Publication of Post Graduate School




Crawford Journal of Postgraduate Studies is an open access, peer reviewed, cross disciplinary journal in in-depth research designed for both national and international scholars. It welcomes multidisciplinary contributions from all areas of human endeavor in cognizance of the technological dynamics and digital revolution of 21st Century.

The journal thus aims to promote research and exchange of knowledge among scholars, professionals and upcoming authors who pursue their academic career in a multicultural, multilingual and multidisciplinary world, thereby contribute to the struggle for a new international order of justice, peace, equity and harmony among the peoples and societies of the world. The journal is foremost online, peer reviewed, edited and published by Postgraduate School, Crawford University, PMB 2001, Igbesa, Ogun State, Nigeria.


Editorial Policy 

Crawford Journal of Postgraduate Studies, an open access, peer reviewed,  appears twice a year and it is devoted to the promotion of research, scholarship and dissemination of knowledge in the social sciences, natural and applied sciences and other disciplines of research and academic pursuits. It will therefore publish research and academic papers devoted to contribute to knowledge, address identified problems and proffer solutions congruent to contemporary time.

Submission of manuscripts implies that the paper is original, has not already been published as a whole or in substantial part elsewhere, is not currently under consideration by any other journal and is committed to publishing in the journal. 

Papers should be submitted by E-mail attachment preferably in word, typed double line. A brief abstract of approximately 150 - 200 words or half a page in one paragraph at the beginning of the paper should be provided, stating clearly the statement of problem, focal point, procedure adopted and findings. Additionally, five keywords should be provided on the subject.

Manuscripts must be written in English or French and must conform to the APA of Style in their bibliographical references on A4 size and 12 points. Each manuscript should be accompanied by a brief biography and a cover bearing details of the author (s) like: title, name and address including E-Mail and telephone. Manuscripts should be between 15-20 typed pages, double spaced. Book review essays submitted must not be longer than 12 double  spaced page.

The annual subscription fee for individual is $10 or =N= 5,000, Institutional subscription cost $200 or =N= 100,000.



Articles for submission should be sent to Professor. G. L. Adeola, Editor, Crawford Journal of Postgraduate Studies   c/o Postgraduate School, Crawford University, PMB 2001, Igbesa,  + 234 803 375 05 45; + 234 805 261 47 73 + 234 802 876 6776, 

All payments to Crawford Journal of Postgraduate Studies  Account Number: 4050018221 Eco bank, Crawford University. For further information, please contact the editorial office of Crawford Journal of Postgraduate Studies, c/o Postgraduate School, Crawford University, Faith City, Km 8, Atan-Agbara Road, Igbesa, Ogun State. 



Professor Gabriel Lanre Adeola


Associate Editor

Dr. Rotimi W. Oladiran


Editorial Board

Professor Henry Ekiyor, Professor Victor Adefemi Isumonah, Professor. Derin Ologbenla, Professor Gabriel Lanre Adeola


Research Associates

Dr. Bernard Omisore, Dr. Bartholomew Onyekwere, Thaddeus Adeniyi, Sunday Olaniyi, Samuel Ogunwa, Chidima Elueze


Advisory Board

Professor Samir Amin, Professor Adigun Agbaje, Professor Bernard Founou-Tchuigoua, Professor Tunde Babawale, Professor S. O. Akinboye, Professor Augustine O. Ikelegbe, Professor Hassan Saliu, Professor Bola Akinterinwa